Melanoma is a type of skin cancer. Although not the most common form of skin cancer, it is the most dangerous. While skin cancer is often associated with relatively low mortality rates compared to other cancers, melanoma stands out as a formidable adversary.
Melanoma is a cancer that grows in the skin’s melanocytes, the cells that create melanin, the pigment that gives your skin, hair, and eyes their color. The main contributor of melanoma is UV light exposure. The DNA in melanocytes can be damaged by UV radiation from the sun or tanning beds, which can cause uncontrolled cell growth and the development of malignant tumors.
One of the reasons melanoma is so dangerous is its ability to grow and spread rapidly. It can invade nearby tissues and, if left untreated, can spread to other parts of the body, such as the lymph nodes, lungs, liver, or brain. Once melanoma has spread, it becomes much more difficult to treat successfully.
High Mortality Rate
Melanoma has a higher mortality rate compared to other forms of skin cancer. If detected in its early stages, melanoma can often be successfully treated through surgical removal. However, if not caught early, the cancer can become more advanced, making treatment less effective and increasing the risk of death.
Resistance To Conventional Therapies
Melanoma can be particularly resistant to chemotherapy and radiation therapy. This resistance makes it challenging to eradicate the cancer once it has spread to other parts of the body.
Some individuals are at a higher risk of developing melanoma due to genetic factors. If you have a family history of melanoma or possess specific gene mutations, your risk may be elevated.
While UV radiation is a major risk factor for melanoma, other environmental factors, such as exposure to certain chemicals or a weakened immune system, can also contribute to its development.
Book an Appointment
Melanoma is a serious condition, but with proper education and awareness, you can reduce your risk and catch it early if it does develop. If you want to get a mole or other dark patch of skin checked, schedule an appointment with ADF Dermatology and Skin Surgical Center located in Sarasota, FL. Call 941-906-7546 to book your appointment.